There are two methods of emergency contraception, the hormonal (the famous pill of the day after) and the intrauterine device placed in case of emergency. From the IUD we discussed earlier, so I’m going to focus my attention on the pill the day after. These capsules contain progestin or a combination of progestin and estrogen.
Emergency contraception works by preventing the release or fertilization of an egg. It does not cause abortions. The pill should be taken as quickly as possible (in the first 72 hours after the unprotected incident), to increase the chances of it working correctly. Under order and medical supervision, high doses of regular birth control pills may also use as emergency contraception.
The pill of the day after should only use in case of emergency, read after an accident (if a condom breaks) or sexual assault (a violation, for example). It is not advisable to have sexual intercourse without protection regularly to use this contraceptive method. Its effectiveness is approximately 80%.
The pros of the pill of the day after
- It is the best way to prevent an unwanted pregnancy in case the integrity of a prophylactic compromised, or when no other contraceptive method used.
- Most of the adverse symptoms associated with the use of the morning-after pill disappear in the first two days after ingestion.
- Emergency contraception does not affect existing pregnancies.
The cons of the pill of the day after
- Some women may experience stomach pains or vomiting as a result of taking the pill the day after.
- Some women may experience temporary headaches, dizziness, and irregular bleeding after taking the pill the day after.
- Requires attention and medical prescription